III. Southern / Eastern Asia

Georgia Performance Standards



SS7G9 The student will locate selected features in Southern and Eastern Asia.

a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: Ganges River, Huang He (Yellow River), Indus River, Mekong River, Yangtze (Chang Jiang) River, Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, Sea of Japan, South China Sea, Yellow Sea, Gobi Desert , Taklimakan Desert, Himalayan Mountains, and Korean Peninsula.

b. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the countries of China, India, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, and Vietnam.


SS7G10 The student will discuss environmental issues across Southern and Eastern Asia.

a. Describe the causes and effects of pollution on the Yangtze and Ganges Rivers.

b. Describe the causes and effects of air pollution and flooding in India and China.


SS7G11 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, physical characteristics, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Southern and Eastern Asia.

a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia.

b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.


SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia.

a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group.

b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism and the philosophy of Confucianism.

c. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of living.   



SS7CG6 The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.

a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.
b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.

c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.


SS7CG7 The student will demonstrate an understanding of national governments in Southern and Eastern Asia.

a. Compare and contrast the federal republic of The Republic of India, the communist state of The People’s Republic China, and the constitutional monarchy of Japan, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.




SS7E8 The student will analyze different economic systems.

a. Compare how traditional, command, market economies answer the economic questions of (1) what to produce, (2) how to produce, and (3) for whom to produce.

b. Explain how most countries have a mixed economy located on a continuum between pure market and pure command.

c. Compare and contrast the economic systems in China, India, Japan, and North Korea.


SS7E9 The student will explain how voluntary trade benefits buyers and sellers in Southern and Eastern Asia.

a. Explain how specialization encourages trade between countries.

b. Compare and contrast different types of trade barriers, such as tariffs, quotas, and embargos.

c. Explain why international trade requires a system for exchanging currencies between nations.


SS7E10 The student will describe factors that influence economic growth and examine their presence or absence in India, China, and Japan.

a. Explain the relationship between investment in human capital (education and training) and gross domestic product (GDP).

b. Explain the relationship between investment in capital (factories, machinery, and technology) and gross domestic product (GDP).

c. Describe the role of natural resources in a country’s economy.

d. Describe the role of entrepreneurship.  




SS7H3 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southern and Eastern Asia leading to the 21st century.

a. Describe how nationalism led to independence in India and Vietnam.

b. Describe the impact of Mohandas Gandhi’s belief in non-violent protest.

c. Explain the role of the United States in the rebuilding of Japan after WWII.

d. Describe the impact of Communism in China in terms of Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and Tiananmen Square.

e. Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of containment of Communism.