C. Environmenal Issues in Asia

    In India, the Ganges River is the most sacred river in Hinduism. About 2 million people bathe daily as a ritual. To the Hindus, the river is said to start at the feet of Vishnu and flow through the hair of Shiva. The river is named after the goddess, Ganga. Unfortunately, the Ganges is also known for being very polluted. It has what appears to be chemical wastes, untreated sewage, and even human and animal bodies. The health risks involved include direct bathing and drinking the dirty water. In 1985, a program called GAP (Ganga Action Plan) was launched. Even though it earned a lot of fanfare, it was a complete failure. After 15 years, it failed to reduce the level of pollution in the river. It was also very expensive, costing about 1010 rupees.
    The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world. But the fact that the river is rather polluted doesn’t help the one third of China’s population that live near the river. The pollution is affecting 186 towns and cities along its banks. The river is now considered “cancerous.” Only 31 percent of the rivers water is considered first or second class drinking water, and another 35 percent is below third class. It is said that if more than 70 percent becomes fourth or fifth class, a bunch of plant species would die out, and so would the river.
    Much of the sun over Asia is blocked out by its main source of air pollution, the so called “Brown Cloud.” Most of it is untreated pollution from factories fueled by coal and other manufacturing sites. It was revealed by NASA and NOAA taking photos of the area. A jet stream blows some of it across the Pacific and towards the US. Some acid rain that occurred in the US was thought to have originated from the Asian Brown Cloud. When it’s hazy, it’s usually caused by humidity. Also, to make matters worse, the winter monsoon brings with it, no rain to wash to the pollutants away.
    Flooding is considered just as bad as the pollutants, and unfortunately, there is quite a bit of flooding. However, there are some good points. First of all, rivers carry silt from farther upstream and deposit it on the banks, making the soil more fertile with all the nutrients. But, too much flooding can destroy the crops rather than help them, leaving millions of people in famine. Also, if you are careless, you might get swept away down the river when you least expect it. The weather doesn’t give much help either. Yearly monsoons can leave millions homeless and starving.


Quick Summary:
  • In India, The Ganges River is very important to the Hinduism religion, But it has been polluted.
  • Even though the people attempted to clean it, it failed and was expensive.
  • The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia, and it is polluted. It affects many cities and towns.
  • A loud cloud of pollution known as Asian Brown Cloud looms over Asia, caused by factory emissions and car fumes, among other things.

Written by
Team Noble Editors