C. Monarchy

The picture shows a single stick figure with a gold crown on its head.  Since there is  a single stick figure that shows that the country is autocratic (or ruled by a single person). Another thing to notice is that the ruler has a crown on its head, which shows that the ruler is a king, queen, or emperor.

An Absolute Monarchy is an Autocratic form of government in which the leader usually inherits the power.  The leader is often referred to as the King, Queen, or Emperors.  Absolute Monarchies often give the leader all the power and is leader for life.  This can sometimes lead to corrupt leaders, leading to anarchy and revolt. When this happens, a nation may crumble and die. Other times, when there is a good leader, the nation may prosper.

Monarchies are usually Unitary, which means there is one level of government. This means there are no regional authorities, and the Central authorities have all the power (King/Queen/Emperor).  Since the power is all on a centralized level, the Monarch makes decisions affecting every aspect of the country.  The Monarch has control over taxes, imports, exports, etc.  The Monarch cannot be overruled, “impeached”, or refused.  The Monarch can legally execute you.

Some examples of Monarchies would be England, Spain, or France.  These countries were monarchies well before and through the 1700’s.  These countries survived for a long time because the Monarchs were often assisted by advisers and other royal family members.

Comparing and contrasting monarchy with theocracy

Absolute Monarchy & Theocracy:
  • Has no elections.
  • Typically ruled by one person.
  • Little citizen participation.
  • They are unitary.
Absolute Monarchy:
  • Ruler inherits power.
  • Has unlimited power.
  • Ruler is called a king, queen, or emporer.
  • The leader is religious.
  • Can be Oligarchic/Autocratic.
  • Laws are based on religious beliefs.
  • Leaders are usually religious extremists.

Quick Summary:
  • Ruled by a king, queen, or emperor.
  • Ruler has unlimited power.
  • Ruler has inherited their power; no elections for leader.
  • Ruler typically rules until death; no term limits.

Written by
Team Platinum