B. Political Geography

There are 6 countries in the standard. Those countries are  Turkey, Israel, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.


    There are only 6 countries you need to learn for the standard. The maps above show ALL countries in the Middle East. However, even though these countries are not part of the Unit 1 standards, some may be useful for understanding the locations of others. For example, Pakistan is not part of our standards, but you can use it to find the countries that are on its borders. You can especially use Pakistan because of its awkward shape (it looks like a dinosaur). 

    First is Saudi Arabia since it is the biggest country in Southwest Asia. The left and right borders are on the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. It is also above Yemen and Oman (found at the very bottom of the Arabian Peninsula). 
    Next comes Iran, being the second largest country in Southwest Asia.  It is easy to locate because it is next to Iraq, which is above Saudi Arabia.  Its south border is the Persian Gulf on the left side of the Strait of Hormuz and the Arabian Sea on the right.
    Thirdly, there's Iraq and Turkey.  As mentioned earlier, Iraq is above Saudi Arabia and on the left of Iran.  Another easy way to locate Iraq is to simply look under Turkey, which is one of the most northen countries in Southwest Asia.  It is northwest of the Persian Gulf, near the top of the map.
    Then, there's Afghanistan.  Afghanistan can be located through several different methods.  The most obvious way is to locate Iran.  It is the country directly east of Iran, above Pakistan (which, as mentioned in Paragraph 1, is the odd-looking country that resembles a dinosaur).  Pakistan is right above the Arabian Sea, making this even easier.

    Finally, there's Israel.  Israel is the only country in the standards that isn't physically connected by a border to any other standard-indicated countries. However, it is still easy to locate Israel due to the fact that it is the western-most country in the Middle East.  It's the little strip below Lebanon, to the right of the Mediterranean Sea, and above the Red Sea.


Georgia Performance Standard

SS7G5 The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East).
b. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the nations of Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.

Quick Summary:
  • There are only six countries in the standards
  • The two biggest countries, Saudi Arabia and Iran, are in the middle
  • Iraq is between Saudi Arabia and Iran
  • Afghanistan is to the right of Iran
  • Turkey is above Iraq
  • Israel is the only country isolated from other standard indicated countries.  It is on the western side, next to the Mediterranean Sea and below Lebanon

Written by
Team Platinum